Brexit. Introduction

On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom officially requested its withdrawal (“Brexit”) from the European Union, invoking the provisions of Article 50 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The date established for this departure is 29 March 2019.

On 25 November 2018, the European Union and the Government of the United Kingdom signed the UK Withdrawal Agreement, which must be endorsed by the British Parliament on or before the above date in order to take effect.

Accordingly, there arise two possible scenarios:

  • One in which an effective agreement is reached for Brexit, or “Brexit with an agreement”. In this case, a series of rules would be applied from the first post-Brexit day until the end of the scheduled transition period, during which the negotiations remaining to be concluded would take place.
  • Another, in which no effective agreement is reached, a situation that has been termed “cliff edge” or “no-deal” Brexit. In this case, from the date of Brexit, the United Kingdom would become a third country for all intents and purposes, which would produce the need to implement a series of urgent measures to avoid the disruptions that would otherwise be provoked within both parties (the European Union and the United Kingdom), with grave consequences in vital areas such as the movement of people, animals and goods (including agriculture and food) and fishing rights.
This situation has made it necessary to adopt essential contingency measures, which the Spanish government has included in Royal Decree-Law 5/2019, of 1 March, by which contingency measures will be implemented in the event of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland withdrawing from the European Union without the agreement provided for in Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union being reached.
On the EU side, the Commission has submitted three communications. The first one, of 19 July 2018, concerns the preparation work undertaken to address either of the above scenarios. The second, of 13 November 2018, focuses on contingency planning, setting out the general principles and the areas in which the EU contingency measures would apply. The third, of 19 December 2018, specifies the application of the Commission’s contingency plan, listing the legislative acts that should be adopted by the EU and indicating the timetable for their adoption.
The purpose of this report is to respond to doubts and concerns that may arise concerning the possible impact of Brexit on the agriculture, fisheries and food sectors, the areas for which this Department is responsible.
It should be borne in mind that the conditions under which Brexit will take place are still not known with any certainty. For each of the questions considered, a response is given, with respect to the two scenarios foreseen, but in the future these responses will probably need to be revised, as the ultimate shape and form of Brexit becomes clearer.



Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación en España 2019

Memoria anual del MAPA

Fotografía fachada Ministerio. Cariátides. Foto: Valentín Álvarez.


Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación


Acceso directo

Imagen acceso directo igualdad de género
Acceso directo área infantil - Foto CENEAM