Agricultural trade

What products from the United Kingdom do we consume? What products do we send to the United Kingdom?

Ten product groups account for about 50% of Spanish agricultural exports to the United Kingdom. Fruits (citrus and stone fruits) and vegetables jointly account for around 20% of sales, and another 8% is provided by red fruits, kiwi and persimmon -data for 2017-.  Exports of wine and grape must to the United Kingdom represent 8% of sales to this country and 11% of Spanish exports. These are followed in value by olive oil (5%) and pork meat (3%).

With respect to Spain’s imports from the United Kingdom, a major item is that of spirits, which represent 26% of our purchases of food and drink products, and 25% of all imports of spirits.

Fish products account for 21% of imports from the United Kingdom. In this field, the main products are fresh fish (the most important species being hake, megrim and anglerfish), and also frozen Norway lobsters, a trade that is worth 228 million euros. 

The main Spanish exports to the United Kingdom in this area are canned tuna and fishmeal, a trade that is worth 103 million euros.

How will Brexit affect trade relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom?

Spain’s food trade with the United Kingdom is very significant, representing 8% of all food exports, and 3% of imports (2017 data). Within the EU market, Spanish exports and imports to the United Kingdom represent 11% and 6% respectively. The commercial balance in this area is traditionally positive for Spain. However, this balance is negative in the case of fish products, where the volume of imports is greater than that of exports.

The consequences of Brexit will largely depend on whether or not an exit agreement is reached before 30 March 2019, and on the details of any such agreement regulating future trade relations, after the end of the transition period (in principle, on 31 December 2020).

If there is an agreement, the rules of the single market would remain in force and therefore the free movement of goods would continue, and so there would be no change with respect to the current conditions.

If there is no agreement, the United Kingdom would become a third country and therefore physical and documentary customs controls at the border would begin to be applied, both for the exit and for the entry of goods.

Will tariffs be imposed for goods imported from the United Kingdom or for goods that we export to the United Kingdom?

If there is an agreement, no tariffs will be imposed until the end of the transition period, after which they would depend on the specific agreements reached between the parties during this period./p>

If there is no agreement, when the United Kingdom becomes a third country the Common Customs Tariff will be applied, according to the goods considered. 



Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación en España 2019

Memoria anual del MAPA

Fotografía fachada Ministerio. Cariátides. Foto: Valentín Álvarez.


Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación


Acceso directo

Imagen acceso directo igualdad de género
Acceso directo área infantil - Foto CENEAM